Pipli (Piper Longum)


Possible Pipli Benefits*

Pipli is very effective herb to enhance digestion, metabolism and assimilation of the food consumed. Pipli is also used to make powerful Rasayana in Ayurveda and helps in detoxicating. It is also very useful in colds and cough. Pipli is an appetizer, digestant, rejuvenative, febrifuge and a brain tonic and alleviates all the three dosas.
Pipli is dried and is used as a spice and for seasoning. It has a somewhat similar taste like black pepper. It is combined with black pepper and ginger and forms Trikatu (means 3 spices).

Some Facts of Pipli

This climbing shrub is Indigenous to India and Sri Lanka. The fruit known as pipli & its root known as pipli mula are used for medicinal treatment purpose.
Pipli has sweet tastes when it is wet and fresh & sweet in post digestive effect and possesses cold potency. It has a pungent taste when dry, pungent in the post digestive effect and semi-hot in potency. Pipli possesses sharp, light and fresh pipli, alleviates pitta and aggravates kapha and vata doshas. The commonly used dry pipli alleviates vata dosha and aggravates pitta dosha.


  • It is a powerful Rasayana herb, serving as longevity enhancer.*
  • Also considered pivotal for body purification process, since it cleans shrotas which transport nutrients and help to remove wastes from body.*
  • Enhances digestion, assimilation and metabolism of the food.*
  • Soothes the nerves and improves sleep quality at night.*
  • Used in the treatment of chronic dysentery and worm infestations.*
  • Provides relief from cough and throat infections.*
  • Can cure hiccups.*
  • Used to treat irregular fever, piles and anemia.*
  • Provides better blood circulation and enhances immune system.*
  • Beneficial in nausea and congestion.*
  • Improves lung health. It helps in detoxifying lung and kidney and cleaning of lymph glands.*
  • Combined with honey to suppress hyperacidity and to control hiccups.
  • Is used as brain tonic.*
  • Reduces the frequency of paroxysms in bronchial asthma.*


Pipli Herbal Research & References


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Pipli Research and Clinical Studies

Pippali rasayana (PR), an Ayurvedic herbal medicine, prepared from Piper longum (Pippali) and Butea monosperma (Palash), and prescribed for the treatment of chronic dysentery and worm infestations was tested for anti-giardial and immuno-stimulatory activity in mice, infected with Giardia lamblia trophozoites. It produced up to 98% recovery from the infection. The rasayana had no killing effect on the parasite in vitro. It induced significant activation of macrophages as evidenced by increased macrophage migration index (MMI) and phagocytic activity. Enhancement of host resistance could be one of the possible mechanisms contributing towards the recovery of animals from the giardial infection.

Pippali Rasayana (PR), was administered at a dose of 1 g p.o. three times daily for a period of 15 days to patients (25 treated, 25 placebo controls) suffering from giardiasis with clinical signs and symptoms, and stools positive for trophozoites/cysts of Giardia lamblia. After 15 days of drug treatment there was a complete disappearance of G. lamblia (trophozoites/cysts) from the stools of 23 out of 25 patients. General signs and symptoms of ill health and abdominal discomfort, presence of mucus, pus cells and RBCs were significantly reduced. There was a marked improvement in the clinical and haematological profile of the patients. Spontaneous recovery in 20% cases was recorded in placebo controls.



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Other Names For Pipli

Latin Name - Piper Longum
Common Names - Javanese, Indian or Indonesian Long Pepper, Pipal, Dried Catkins, Pippali.

Pipli in Ayurveda

Pipli has been mentioned in ancient Ayurvedic scriptures. It has various synonyms in Sanskrit describing its specialities and properties, like magadhi (from Magadha), usana (pungent), krsna (black), capala (acting quickly), region, upakulya  (that grows near water), kola (improves test sensation). Charak has categorized Pipli as kanthya – beneficial for throat, dipaniya – an appetizer, asthapanao-paga, uptighna – anti-saturative, sirovirecaniya – a nasal cleansing therapy, purisa virajaniya – give color to the stool, purisa sangrahaniya – give form to the faeces, hikka nigrahana – mitigates hiccup, sita prasamana – relieving cold sensation of skin, rasayana – a rejuvenator, vamaka - emetic,  sulaghna – anti-colic, kasahara – anti-tussive, Pipli is ingredient of trikatu – three pungents are sunthi, pipli and marica, trikatu is most common combination for treating of kapha dosha. Trikatu has anti-asthmatic & anti-cold properties. Pipli is  recommended specially for respiratory system as rasayana.

It acts as aphrodisiac and boosts the reproductive system. Causasti pipli is one unique preparations, which is made by fortifying Pipli powder by triturating it with the decoction of Pipli itself, for the duration of 8 days (64 prahara). It makes Pipli very potent and fortified, so used in very small doses.

Some of the Ayurvedic preparations of pipli are Pippalyasava, Vardhamana pippali, Causasti pippali, Pippali khanda, Sitopaladi curna, Guda pippali, etc.

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